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Ukraine 25, Russia 22, Crimea 19, Europe 12, Us 9, Michel Berger 7, Moscow 7, Reeva Steenkamp 6, Mr. Lavrov 6, Pretoria 5, Kiev 5, Eu 3, Scotts 3, Eastern Ukraine 3, Steve Mcqueen 3, Geneva 3, U.s. 3, Brussels 3, Afrikaans 3, Scott 2,
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  BBC America    BBC World News    International issues.  

    March 3, 2014
    7:00 - 8:01am EST  

hello. you're watching "gmt" on "bbc world news". i'm david eades. the greatest european crisis of the 21st century. what chance putting a lid on ukraine. as russia tightens its control of ukraine's crimea region, western media has issued a warning to moscow. >> if russia cannot be persuaded to respect the sovereignty, integrity of ukraine, there will have to be other consequences and other costs. >> blood curdling screams.
here's accounts of the night he shot his girlfriend. >> do you understand the charges, mr. pistorius? >> i do. i do, my lady. >> how do you plead? >> not guilty, my lady. >> reporter: live in pretoria. i'll be bringing you all the latest developments from the trial. >> plus, seven oscars and seventh heaven for "gravity," the biggest winner at the academy awards. also in the program, aaron is here having a look at the in stability in ukraine and the affects that's having on the global economy. >> it is mayhem, david. markets are down. russia's ruble slumped to lows. and with a quarter of all of europe's guests coming from russia to ukraine, we will look at the impact if the taps are turned off.
hello. it's midday here in london, 7:00 a.m. in washington, 1:00 p.m. in kiev. capital of ukraine. a country, its own prime minister says is on the brink of disaster. there are calls for international observers to be sent in to monitor what is an extremely notable standoff where ukrainian and russian forces have come face to face. the foreign secretary of britain william hague is in kiev. he issued a clear warning about moving troops on ukrainian soil. russian counterparts have said moscow intervened because russian citizens's lives were under threat. >> the pride of the ukrainian navy ripped from the wall of the staff headquarters by a pro russian crowd fast losing patience the the base is surrounded by russian soldiers. and yesterday this man, admiral,
head of the ukrainian navy switched sides swearing his allegiance to crimea and moscow. today he returned urging others to follow him. but he underestimates the resolve of his successor standing next to him and the men and women he once commanded. together in defiance they sung the ukrainian anthem. ukraine has not yet died, nor has her glory. outside the crowd grew ever more restless. they shouted insults. but they told me they were staying put. >> ukraine. you want ukraine together? >> yes, of course. >> and you'll stay? >> yes. >> you're not coming out? >> no. >> you have to approximate pity the ukrainian rank and file. isolated, under siege. their loyalties tested to the limit. do they go with those officers who swore allegiance to the new
pro-russian crimea or do they resist as many seem willing to do in the face of insurmountable odds. a tap on the hand from a russian soldier. but there is no sign they are relenting. the troop buildup continues. the ukrainian coastal defense division is still pinned in. on the east coast of crimea, another military base is now encircled. and now border guards report seeing a massive buildup of military hardware on the russian side of the border. crimea is lost. kiev knows it. but how far did president putin's ambitions stretched. with one mighty turn to eastern ukraine. and is there anything to stop him? christian frazier, bbc news, sevastopol. >> big questions certainly. now to kiev. david stern is there for us. david, the prime minister of
ukraine and the british foreign secretary have been speaking. what is their take at the moment? >> reporter: well, yes. as the crisis continues in crimea, the tension and worry and anger, among the ukrainian officials, is rising here. as you say. mr. william hague and the prime minister have been meeting. they have held a news conference. mr. hague said there will be consequences and costs to the russian actions. he promised a strong diplomatic and economic reaction, a response. but he said there was no military response planned. he said yesterday ukraine is on the brink of disaster, that russia had actually declared war on them. he said that crimea is ukrainian territory and that ukraine would not give it up. in fact, he said any attempt for russia to seize the territory would ultimately fail. but there's a question that many people are asking, namely, what
can the government here do? they are a newly appointed government. they are trying to assert their authority. ukrainian army is much smaller. and they have acknowledged this by telling their troops not to fire the first shot, rather give russia a pretext. it is obvious they are looking towards the west, the eu and the united states for some sort of support to deescalate this crisis. >> what has been william hague's attitude toward that prime ministerial view? it would need the support it sounds like of the west if there is a really attempt to retake crimea, wouldn't it? >> reporter: well, yes. it's not really clear. he is here to offer support. we will see the u.s. secretary of state john kerry doing the same. mr. kerry has promised there will be a robust attempt.
it will have the needed effect on russia. obviously the russian troops are in control there. they have moved in. and the crisis does continue. so the governments in the west are faced with a dilemma. >> thanks very much indeed. that he wants the view coming from kiev. let's find out what the position is in crimea at the moment. christian frazier is in sa fast poll. that he wants the mood like in sevastopol? >> it might be calm behind me, david, but it's not calm at the naval hq. a crowd growing and getting increasingly impatient. really the picture of the day for me was that brotherly tap on the hand at the gate between the russian soldier and ukrainian soldier. the crowds outside might provide
the spot. it would just take the smallest thing to happen for the situation to get out of hand. certainly kiev authorities would not want that to happen. it's precarious. the troop buildup continues. we're getting reports as a i said, on the eastern coast of the peninsula and signs that maybe they are preparing to come across. so lots going on here. as i say, the bigger question about eastern ukraine now. >> christian, thank you very much indeed for that. let's get the diplomatic perspective now. our correspondent bridgett kendall is with me here now. it seems quite some time back now we have heard the calls for reconciliation for con sill tear remarks. yet they are filed by rather hostile comments. sergei lavrov issen tkpwaeup en that as well.
>> the troops have moved and poised on borders. on one side, the russians justifying what they have done. mr. lavrov speaking in geneva today. talking about ultra nationalistic with anti-semitic tendencies. and the west on its side. we heard mr. kerry yesterday, mr. hague today. they feel they need to respond to what they see is a violation of international law. but that's one level. and the second level you can hear from all of them is they are trying also to send messages of whether there is room to find a diplomatic way out of this. it's worth listening to what they say for what they want mr. lavrov was saying. they want to stand by the february 21st agreement. that was the agreement. the government, when it was then
in opposition made then president yanukovych. the russians were focusing on what was going to be a national dialogue for which you can real self rule to turn it probably into some sort of federation. that was right. then there would be a nationwide referendum. that's beyond all the rhetoric. that is what they are pushing for. it has started to make that happen in crimea, which is supposed to much a referendum in march. unless the west and kiev could move to some sort of accommodation. >> i suppose that is the art of diplomacy of finding a way to make something like that happen on both sides are fixed on. buff the thought of yanukovych ever coming back and having a role to play seems impossible. that's all right. i just wonder whether from a
moscow perspective the idea of stepping back out of crimea now seems remotely feasible. >> the russians of course want to secure their black sea fleet. this is one way to do it. to defacto an exit or move it into a situation where it's no longer reliant on kiev. the russian prime minister gave the go ahead to his finance minister to pride humanitarian aid to crimea, assessing that they are short of a billion dollars. you can talk about them in a moment. but that's the carrot stick the russians are offering the crimeans. more broadly, the intensity of diplomacy is staggering. things are going on everywhere. mr. lavrov is in geneva. he's been meeting the u.n. secretary-general. mr. hague, as we know is in kiev. eu foreign minister's meeting in vienna. the broader pan basically human
rights conference is meeting in its council. last night there was a call between chancellor merkel and mr. putin where they seem to come to sort of preliminary agreement. maybe there could be a contract group. the thing to look to is paris on wednesday. as it stands at the moment, both secretary kerry and mr. lavrov are turning up. the two men will come face to face they will either shout at each other or find something to agree on. >> bridgett, thank you very much indeed for that. . okay. well, it's a very big day in pretoria in south africa today because it is the start of the trial of oscar pistorius. charged with the murder of his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. understandably huge amount of attention focusing on pretoria now. and karen is there for us. over to you. >> reporter: hello, david.
yes, the interest is absolutely huge despite the pouring rain which really hasn't stopped for hour upon hour. thousands of people who have been outside the court, hundreds of journalists. rain not a deterrent at all the. since last night certainly the media teams have been out in force setting up their installments along this road in front of the high court and getting all their broadcast equipment ready for this morning. oscar pistorius walked in through the front of the court, followed by a torrent of journalists trying to get a picture from him, trying to get a comment from him. he remains silent. he was in a black suit and remained expressionless. we have seen the the legal teams coming in. we have seen the families of oscar pistorius and reeva steenkamp. her mother was also there. she is watching the first day of proceedings. right now we are hearing from
the first witness that the prosecution has called. she is michel berger. and she has given the -- she's been telling the court how she heard screams coming from the pistorius house that night. she thinks the direction of the pistorius house that night. she has been cross-examined by the prosecution. the defense now taking their turn. this report on the day's events so far. >> reporter: oscar pistorius was escorted into the high court into the heart of pretoria for one of the most high profile trials in this country. hundreds turned out in the drizzle to see the arrival of the double amputee who rose to become a sporting hero and celebrity. there's an encampment of television crews from south africa and around the world. even a television drone made an appearance. relatives of both oscar pistorius and his girlfriend
reeva steenkamp present. >> do you understand the charges, mr. pistorius? >> i do. i do, my lady. >> how do you plead? >> not guilty, my lady. >> thank you. >> reporter: the prosecution moved swiftly to bring its first witness. michel berger described how she and her husband heard screams and then shots on the fateful night. >> translator: he screamed terribly and she yelled for help. then i heard a man screaming for help. three times. three times he yelled for help. >> reporter: if the judge finds oscar pistorius guilty of premeditated murder and does not accept his claim that it was a tragic accident, he could be jailed for 25 years.
>> now, we're going to show you the scene coming live to us from court. of course we know that we will see much of the proceedings on television in live direct feed. now, this is the defense lawyer barry ruge cross-examining the neighbor, michel berger, the prosecution's witness. she was questioned by them earlier. >> because i see a number of times you have corrected. >> my lady, i can do for the court. i'm willing to speak english. at some issues i can go and have her translate for me. >> are you comfortable to do it? >> my lady, i'm very comfortable. i can speak both english and afrikaans. i prefer it. but if it is easier for the court, i can speak english.
>> if it's easier for you. i'm worried about you. you have to make up your mind. do you want to speak english? you are comfortable in english. >> i prefer speaking afrikaans? >> i heard that. but are you comfortable speak anything english. >> i prefer speaking afrikaans. >> let me just get some indication from council who understand afrikaans. is the interpretation what we can rely on? >> my lady, the difficulty we have is when i pose a question for the witness she complained that it was not correctly interpreted.
>> yes. >> the word interpreted by the interpreter is in fact, correctly interpreted. it was done by the witness. that's my difficulty. >> and it means confused. >> yes. my lady. if there is difficulty, i will raise it again. >> thank you very much. >> after you heard the sounds that you describe as boom, boom, boom, boom, was there an interview between the first and second boom, what happened? after hearing the sounds described as boom. boom, boom, boom. there was an interval. i might not be accurate in the duration of the interval. but that's not what i'm asking you. what happened directly after that? >> translator: when the shots started i heard the woman
scream. it was during the shots that i heard her. and just after the shots her voice started fighting. >> so let me understand it. let's work on that part. so what you say you heard the screaming simultaneous with the shots, with the boom. boom, boom, boom. and then the screaming faded away. >> translator: i did not concentrate with which -- i did not note exactly with which shots there were screams.
but i can testify that i heard the shots and during the shots i heard the woman screaming. >> and then after the shots? just a moment after the shots i heard the woman's voice fading away. >> what i'm asking, and i'll come back to this. in your evidence of chief, there was no mention of hearing a screaming after the shots? so i'm trying to understand what you said that it just faded away as part of the shots, or was there an independent screaming after the shots, isolated screaming. >> translator: what i can say is that i heard a voice just after
the shots and it was faded away. >> yeah. but she did not scream after the shots. it was fading away after the shots? >> translator: it could be that she screamed and -- my apologies, my lady. can i just ask to repeat what she said. that just after the shots screamed and it faded away or -- with the last shot. >> is my understanding correct it was not a scream after the shots but the screams as she was screaming during the shot that scream faded away. >> translator: it could be that
she screamed afterwards. i heard a voice just afterwards. >> yeah, but you say it can be. we started to speculate now. i want to know what you remember. a lot of things can be. what is it that you can remember as you stand there? >> translator: my lady, there were shots, four shots. and i heard a voice just afterwards was the last time i heard a voice. >> if you say you heard a voice afterwards, what does that mean?
>> translator: it means that the same woman that awoke me with the screams, i heard her voice. >> what does it mean? does it mean she carried on screaming during the shots? that's the first point. and then after the shots be she screamed again? or can't you say that? >> translator: she could have screamed with the last shot or just after because i heard a voice just after, not a long time afterwards. >> it could have been the last shot or shortly after the last shot. >> translator: i confirmed that just after the last shot i heard a scream, a voice.
my apologies. >> i understand the voice. i'm talking about an independent scream. i scream. it's quiet. i scream. it's quiet. was it a continuous scream? >> translator: i would like to make it clear to the court that the screaming it went very fast. i did not expect that that evening. >> what is it that you say to me by mentioning that? >> translator: my lady, i didn't sit with a stopwatch and take down the time thing of each shot. i did not sit there and write with each shot when she shouted. what i can portray to the court is there were four gunshots and that i heard petrified screaming sometime during the gunshots and
just after the gunshots was the last that i heard the same woman's voice, the same woman's voice that woke me that evening. >> you are not sure -- and before you answer i'm going to give you a fair chance. and i'm going to say it's quite clear from your version you are not sure and what you are now doing is you are speculating, you are trying to close all the gaps. i want you to bear in mind that what i'm going to put to you in due course is your statement. and i want to put that you that your statement contradicts what you say in court. so let me ask you the questions. keep that in mind. i'm going to put it to you. what is it that you heard in relation to the shots about the
woman? the screaming, was it before, during or after? >> my lady, as i stated to the court before, i was woken up by a woman's petrified screams. i heard her screaming first. then i heard her call for help. then i heard a man call for help three times. i then made a call. ive gave the phone to my husband, and he spoke to security. afterwards, i heard the woman's petrified screams again. shortly after that moment, after that, the gunshots followed. there were four gunshots. i heard her screaming sometime during the the shots. i cannot tpef whether it was number one, two, three and four. but i can say that i heard her voice during the shots. shortly after the shots was the last time i heard that woman shout.
as i stated to the court before, it can be that she shouted with the last gunshot and i heard her voice afterwards or she could have shouted just afterwards. i did not hear a minute after the last shots. it was shortly after the shots. a moment or two after the shots was the last i heard her. >> it could have been the same voice echoing or it could have been a new scream. that's what you're saying >> translator: it could have been a new scream. i heard her voice. >> or it could have been a scream echoing from a scream during the firing of the last shot or the time of the firing of the last shot? >> translator: yes. >> one of the two? >> translator: one of the two. if it's asked when was the last you heard the woman shout, i will state the last i heard the woman shout was shortly after the last shot. i did not hear a minute afterwards. i did not hear it 30 seconds afterwards. it was very shortly after the last shot that i heard that
woman's voice. >> but you don't know if it was an independent scream or part of the scream echoing from the same time as the firing of the shot. could be either of them? >> translator: what i would like to state to the court is i heard a voice during the shots and the last time i heard it was shortly after that. i did not hear it a minute afterwards. it was shortly after the shots was the last time i heard it. >> and what is ingrained in your mind was at that time during the shots that a woman was totally petrified, that was something more intense. >> translator: i was convinced that woman was being attacked. she and her husband were being attacked in the house. i was convinced it was app attack in the house through robbers. there was no doubt in my mind because the fear in the woman's voice. >> that was my question.
>> translator: please repeat the question. >> can you remember it at all? >> translator: i was focusing on the far. >> focusing? >> translator: the fear. >> was it at that time that is ingrained in your mind is that she was totally petrified in her screams at that time, it stood out? >> translator: my lady, what i can say to the court is her shouts, screams were pet tpaoeug. it was the most helpless feeling i ever had in my life. i anticipated something was going to happen because of the climax of her shouts. i thought they were being attacked in their house. you only shout like that if your life is really threatened. >> it not just a scream. something far more intense.
you could hear it building up. it is far more intense? >> it was very intense. >> more intense than the screaming you heard before? >> my lady, the screams that i heard before was petrified. the female screams. but just before the gunshots it was blood curdling, something that leaves you cold. you can't portray in court. you can't explain it. you just noe woman's life was really threatened. >> we're going to deal with that. that's very easy and would have been very easy to talk about. when it sits with you and you depose to your affidavit that it's very, very experienced policeman you would tell him about it and say, whoa, there was something far more serious, as you explained. not so?
you would have told him about this. >> my lady, everything i'm stating to the court i stated to. i was very pleased with his professional conduct. >> i'm going to make your statement available and then read it to you. it is 830. there are other things as well. but let's deal with that. >> we're listening to the court case of course of oscar pistorius charged with the murder of his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. just at the moment the defense is asking the court to pass
around the statement provided by michel berger, the witness in the stand at the moment. the statement that she gave to police after the killing of reeva steenkamp. because what barry has been doing in the last 20 minutes or so is to try to ascertain precisely, as he would see it, what michel berger heard and when in terms of screams coming from the home of oscar pistorius. the gunshots which rang out, four gunshots. the screams during his gunshots. and indeed the last screams. let's listen in again now. >> is that that statement that you were satisfied? is that your signature? >> my lady, that's correct. that's my statement. >> my lady, the last exhibit numb
number. >> thank you very much. i'm going to read to you and the interpreter will translate. >> i thought we were getting three copies? >> oh, my lady. i beg your pardon. i forgot. may i ask for a short adjournment. because it would be unfair. i apologize for that. a very short adjournment. >> so a slight procedural difficulty there as the correct statements are provided to the judge and to all those in the court. it justifies gives you a flavor there to the level of detail that both defense and i'm sure prosecution will go into to try to ascertain the facts as they expect them to emerge. obviously we'll keep across the situation in the trial there throughout the hours ahead here on "bbc world news". okay. let's pick up on the situation
in ukraine. how about these words. nobody is going to give crimea away to anybody. that's a very clear and unequivocal statement from the ukraine's prpl today. prime minister today. russia's foreign minister said russian forces have moved in crimea to protect russian citizens. he also accused the west of putting his own geopolitical calculations ahead of the fate of people in the form of soviet union. so what is the reality on the ground? let's bring you a map of the situation of ukraine. seemingly at a crossroads between two economic powers. russia has flexed its muscles in crimea there, just turning blue to the color of russia. is there a possibility of it
going any further? mr. lavrov says russia will protect russian-speaking people. we're just giving you a scale there of which parts of ukraine are mainly russian speaking. what will happen then to the mostly crain yann speaking west? it is a mixed perfect. eu in turn has been making its opinions clear. william hague is in kiev now for talks. describe that intervention as the biggest crisis in europe this century. he's warned of consequences if it didn't respect ukrainian territory. >> if this situation cannot be resolved, if russia cannot be persuaded to respect the sovereignty, integrity of ukraine, will have to be other consequences and costs.
i'm not going to say today what all of those are. we will act in a united way with other nations in the world. the european union meeting today will indicate some of the things, some of the areas that might be involved subject to the discussions of my colleagues in brussels. so russia should be no doubt about this. this is something we take very seriously, that we have to take very seriously. because if this is -- if this becomes the normal way of behaving in the world, of intruding upon and violating the sovereignty of neighbors, well and clearly that would be an even bigger crisis in international affairs. >> that's mr. hague in the ukrainian prime minister. joining me is richard tkpwf gelpin. we hear mr. hague talking about
the likelihood of costs and obviously repercussions. but what is the sense you get from moscow about particularly the move into ukraine at this stage. there's no turning back there, is there? >> it certainly doesn't look like it at the moment. they are still consolidating their position in the crimea. there are reports that more russian forces have gone in overnight into the crimea region. and i guess, you know, the key question now, david, is whether this military operation many spread. is it going to go further? will it go further into eastern ukraine, into some of the key cities. at the moment that's certainly not clear. what mr. lavrov was saying in geneva, these so-called ne-yo nazi groups he's claiming, alleging that they control many
parts of ukraine. they feel they would have the justification after going further than the crimea to protect russian speaking citizens and actual russian citizens in the area. but at the moment it feels we are in a bit of a holding pattern. troop forces are still being built up. we are waiting to see what the kremlin will finally decide to do next. >> we are getting reports of the regional government having been occupied. and another example of the protesters saying we want to be part of russia again. >> yes, that's right. it is quite a clear pattern in a way. we saw it in crimea as well. it's local russian activists who move in initially. certainly now it's easier in some respects for the local pro russian activists to move into these areas. because they know the threats of further force by russia is kind
of dangling over the ukrainian military and ukrainian security forces. so they feel paralyzed. they can't do anything, otherwise they might trigger a full invasion which leaves the other groups able to move in and take control of administration buildings. we have seen it in crimea and now in some of the cities in eastern ukraine. >> richard, in moscow, thanks very much indeed. let's turn to chris morris in brussels. we have heard the tough taking talking from lavrov, hague even. give us some of the more. what are the level of efforts and where are they going to deal with this, get people talking? >> it's appropriately if you like the statements between the russian and ukrainian sides. in a way that's europe's primary concern at the moment. that russia and ukraine are talking at each other and not to
each other, which is why germany, france, the uk all support the idea of some mediation effort. they said crisis, diplomacy is not a weakness. in other words, there are things that diplomacy can do even when things are looking pretty desperate. so he is suggesting, for example, some kind of fact-finding mediation mission led by the organization for security and cooperation in europe. the u.n. has also been mentioned as playing a possible role. so that would just be a first step to try to get the two sides to talk to each other. the new government in kiev and the russian to see if anything can be sorted out. there is the idea of economic sanctions from europe floating around in the background. but it is further in the background at the moment that the emphasis being on mediation, can we pull them back from the brink and deescalate this a little. >> we heard plenty of
commentators likening this to potentially a new cold war. i guess if it really comes down to push meeting shove it will be sergei lavrov meeting john kerry, the u.s. secretary of state, wouldn't it? >> the u.s. is obviously the most powerful player in the western camp, that's there is no question about that. put the european union together and its economic and trade relationship is significant in both directions of course. if there were to be a disturbance or some sort of breaking off of that relationship, it would have real consequences on both sides. so i think europe does have a role to play because of that trade relationship. of course because of its proximity. after all don't forget this whole revolution if we can call it that began several months ago when the former president mr. yanukovych refused to side on the wide-ranging trade deal which the eu that it was going to be.
it was the long-term care rot if you would like for many in western ukraine for looking at europe and better governance, more opportunity and in the long term greater wealth that has persuaded their future lies looking west towards europe rather than east towards russia. >> chris morris in brussels which leads nicely to business and the economy. aaron, that's your focus of attention. >> absolutely. david, we say that the markets hate uncertainty. i'll tell you what they hate even more, the threat of war. let me explain in details. hello. yes. while the world watches the escalating crisis in ukraine, investors and world leaders are considering how the in stability could affect the global economy. one of the main concerns is energy, ukraine's strategically linked russia to the rest of europe. and russia supplies 25% of europe's gas needs.
half of that gas is pumped via pipelines. moscow, we know it has cut can off the flow in past disputes with kiev. it could push up businesses and households. the price of oil is $2 a barrel. a barrel of crude oil costing $111. meanwhile, russia's stock market has dropped around 10% today. and russia's currency is at its lowest point ever against the dollar and the euro. markets around europe have seen sharp falls. take a look. there we go. what the markets are doing. ftse 100, london's main market, down 2%. the dax taking a serious hit there. down 3%. let's get more. andrew joins us from our business newsroom. great to have you with us. we know why the markets are down. i want to talk about specifics. let's talk about gas.
that strategic link ukraine has i guess. here's a question. can europe afford those taps to be turn ted off? >> no. i suppose on the other hand you have to say russia can't afford that kind of situation for very long because it needs the cash. bear in mind the russian economy has already slowed down sharply in the 10 years after his own financial crisis back in 1998. it grew at an average rate of getting on for 7%. last year it was only 1.4. it's not going to be much better than that this year. so russia really does need to keep that major export market open. i think the other point that perhaps is worth making about europe is, yes, for sure. it doesn't want to see a prolonged disturbance to russian supplies. an important generator of electricity within the european union. but we are coming to the end of a relatively mild winter. and for many european countries, the tanks are reasonably full.
so undesirable the idea of any interruption would be the timing is not nearly as bad as it might be. >> let's turn our attention from energy to food even. because there could be an impact there. ukraine is a major global exporter of wheat and corn. in stability or any disruptions with that we could see our prices go up. >> yes, indeed. there has been a hint of that in some of the benchmarks wheat prices picking up a little bit. we are still a long way short of the food crisis level that we saw back in 2008. undoubtedly a period of prolonged disruption to agriculture and exports out of the black sea. that could have a much more significant affect on global wheat prices. that means potentially quite serious problems for living standards of poor people around the world. because food does the perform such a large proportion of their spending. >> yeah. it sure does.
no doubt we will talk to you again about all of this. thanks for the update. lots going on. follow me on twitter. tweet me. i'll tweet you back. find me aabbcaaron. that's it for business. >> a story that's not going away. aaron, thanks very much indeed. do stay with us on "bbc world news". "gravity" really stole the show. seven oscars. the biggest winner at the academy awards. so you're telling me your mom has a mom cave? hi boys! i've made you campbell's chunky new england clam chowder. wow! this is incredible! i know. and now it has more clams! [ male announcer ] campbell's chunky soup. what? [ male announcer ] it fills you up right. what do you mean? your grass, man. it's famished! just two springtime feedings with scotts turf builder lawn food helps strengthen and protect your lawn from future problems. thanks scott. [ scott ] feed your lawn. feed it. when you feel bloated, discomfort, gas, not to mention the rumbling... you feel totally knocked out.
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welcome back to "gmt". i'm david eades. our top stories this hour. ukraine's acting prime minister says it has no intention of giving crimea away.
south african athlete oscar pistorius pleaded not guilty to charges of murdering his girlfriend reva staheeveva stee. "12 years a slave" won best film. cate blanchett won best actress for her performance in" blue jasmine". >> steve mcqueen you charge everything you fashion with a
breath of your own spirit. thank you so much for putting me in this position. it has been the joy of my life. >> steve mcqueen's brutal story of slavery was tipped for top honors alongside "gravity." best director and most of the technical cat gathers. it won seven oscars of all. the biggest haul of the night. >> can you take it? i can't get everyone in here. >> this year's host ellen degeneres played it safe and simple. she tweeted a star packed picture that grinded the social network to a halt. cate blanchett won best actress for her performance in" blue jasmine". >> thank you so much, woody allen, for casting me. >> >> leto took the prize for best supporting actor. the oscar for best picture went to "12 years a slave." it's well-known producer made the introductions to the man of the moment.
>> one man brought us all together to tell the story. that is the indominable mr. steve mcqueen. >> i dedicate this a award to all the people who have endured slavery and the 21 million people who still suffer slavery today. thank you very much. thank you. >> the first black director to win best movie. and what a way to celebrate. bbc news in hollywood. they're happy, weren't they? let's go back to the trial of oscar pistorius. it's under way of course in pretoria. this is day one. not guilty plea to murder for oscar pistorius himself. what we see is barry rube questioning michel berger, a resident who lives on the same estate as oscar pistorius and who heard screams and gunshots at the time of which reeva
steenkamp was shot dead the. let's just listen in. >> we had our discussion. i wanted to portray the shouts, the anxiety and the shots. >> it's far more than that. the anxiety was dramatic. it makes you cold. anxiety. it was blood curdling. nothing stopped you at the time from telling the captain. >> the captain testified when we had our discussion i did say to him it was terrible. >> yes. let's go to the second part of that statement. i heard the woman scream and then -- and then four shots.
he didn't write it down. >> no, my lady. the statement did say i heard her shouting. moments after i heard the shots. >> was that the truth? >> that's what i say. >> was that the truth? >> i spoke the truth to the captain. >> why did you not do it in court? >> i did speak the truth in court as well. >> did you not say during the shooting she was screaming. >> i said so just now, my lady. i practically stated that the shots started. i heard a voice. i could not state when with those shots i hear exactly. whether it was one, two, three, four, when exactly. i had just moments after the last shot was the last i heard her voice. it wasn't long after. it was just after that.
>> just read your own statement, please. tell me what it says. it says i heard the woman scream and then four shots. do you see that? >> yes, my lady, i see that. >> what does that mean? >> it means when i speak about the shots, there were four shots. late in the paragraph i speak about the screaming again. >> you know what i'm talking about. you can spend time. i'm talking about the shots. >> the witness answered. she said late in the paragraph i spoke about this again. so she answered the question. she answered the question and said late in the paragraph i spoke about it again. >> show me later in the
paragraph where you said during the firing of the shots at that time she was screaming. please show me that. >> i have stated there were four shots. >> which paragraph is that? >> six. >> thank you. >> after i spoke about the shots i said the lady shouted the last time approximately two seconds after the last shot. and then i didn't hearing anything again. >> read it properly, please. >> i said the woman going to the last screaming approximately two seconds after the shot stopped. >> after the last shot she gave her last scream. >> that's the last i heard it. >> fairly intense questioning by the defense on michel berger. the resident of the estate of oscar pistorius. she's been running through what she heard and the order in which she heard screams and shots
coming from oscar pistorius's home. it's the start of what will be a long and intense trial of course. we'll be following it for you on "bbc world news". it brings us to the end of this edition of "gmt". thanks very much indeed for being with us. about to use the uh... scott: that's a bunch of ground-up paper, lad! scotts ez seed uses the finest seed, fertilizer, and natural mulch that holds water so you can grow grass anywhere! looking good, lad! man: thanks, scott. ez seed really works! so, how come haggis is so well behaved? scott: 'cause he's a scotty. man: oh. scott: get scotts ez seed. it's guaranteed. seed your lawn. seed it! you can't always see them. but it's our job to find them. the answers. the solutions. the innovations. all waiting to help us build something better. something more amazing. a safer, cleaner, brighter future.
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